Basic Crochet Stitches

Brand new to crochet?

Here are some of the most basic stitches you should learn. Most complicated stitch patterns are just a combination of these basics, so once you master these, you’ll be able to make nearly anything!

Stitches

Chain

Abbreviated

ch

When you’ll use it

The chain is the most basic crochet stitch and the first stitch to learn. Use it as the base to work the rest of your stitches into, as well as at the beginning of each row.

How to do it

Make a slip knot, pull tight, *yarn over, pull through the loop on the hook, rep from * until you have the number of chains needed to begin your project.

Step One

1. Make a slip knot.

Step Two

2. Pull tight.

Step Three

3. Yarn over.

Step Four

4. Pull through the loop on the hook.

Step Five

5. Repeat until you have the number of chains you need.

Single Crochet

Abbreviated

SC

When you'll use it

Single crochet is a stitch that can be worked into chains. It is a shorter stitch, approximately as tall as it is wide. This is a common stitch for hats, shawls, garments, and amigurumi.

How to do it

Insert hook in indicated stitch or space, yarn over, pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops.

Step One

1. Insert hook in indicated stitch or space

Step Two

2. Yarn over.

Step Three

3. Pull a loop.

Step Four

4. Yarn over.

Step Five

5. Pull through 2 loops.

Half Double Crochet

Abbreviated

HDC

When you’ll use it

Half double crochet is the stitch halfway in height between single crochet and double crochet. This is a common stitch for hats, shawls, garments, and different kinds of shaping.

How to do it

Yarn over, insert hook in indicated stitch or space, yarn over, pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 3 loops.

Step One

1. Yarn over.

Step Two

2. Insert hook in indicated stitch or space.

Step Three

3. Yarn over.

Step Four

4. Pull up a loop.

Step Five

5. Yarn over.

Step Six

6. Pull through 3 loops.

Double Crochet

Abbreviated

DC

When you’ll use it

Double crochet is a common stitch about twice the height as a single crochet and twice as tall as it is wide. This is a common stitch for hats, shawls, garments, and is often used in crochet lace stitch patterns.

How to do it

Yarn over, insert hook in indicated stitch or space, yarn over, pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull through 2 loops) twice.

Step One

1. Yarn over.

Step Two

2. Insert hook in indicated stitch or space.

Step Three

3. Yarn over.

Step Four

4. Pull up a loop.

Step Five

5. Yarn over.

Step Five

6. Pull through 2 loops.

Step Seven

7. Yarn over.

Step Eight

8. Pull through 2 loops.

Slip Stitch

Abbreviated

Sl st

When you’ll use it

The slip stitch is a joining stitch that produces no height. You will often use it to join a round when working in the round.

How to do it

Insert hook in indicated stitch or space, yarn over, pull through stitch and the loop on the hook.

Step One

1. Insert hook in indicated stitch or space.

Step Two

2. Yarn over.

Step Three

3. Pull through stitch and the loop on the hook.

Note:   These are the U.S. terms for these stitches.
In the U.K. different names are used for some stitches.

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